• Dendi Riswandi STAI Haji Agus Salim


Zakat, Poverty, Nation  




The close relationship between zakat and poverty, Islam has a special method for poverty alleviation, namely the role of zakat. Zakat is a manifestation of the obligation for a Muslim who has the status of being able to according to the criteria of fiqh in order to remove property from the proportion of his property and other zakat rules to be given to the entitled (mustahik). The era of the companions of the caliph era and the era of Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz and Caliph Harun Al Rashid were figures of Islamic leaders who succeeded in proving the role of zakat in equitable distribution and improvement of welfare and poverty alleviation to their people (according to asnaf zakat).


The current pattern of handling and managing zakat has begun to be adjusted, because in the past religious understanding was only religious laws in the form of interpretation of Quranic verses, so in the future it must be added to its understanding with financial aspects and poverty alleviation policies. This means that the grounding of Qur'anic verses on the governance of the distribution and distribution of zakat should be carried out continuously by adjusting to current conditions. awareness of duty as muzakki and mustahik awareness (asnaf described in sura al-Tawbah verse 60) in order to always change his life by always working hard.

This study aims to explain the role of zakat and poverty reduction in the perspective of Qur'anic verses so that readers can understand various kinds of explanations (tafsir) which then explain the direction of zakat implementation according to the conditions of the time and place. This research approach is qualitative - library research approach. The method used is the dissertation method – analysis, which is expected to be able to explain the verses that explain zakat and poverty.

The results of this study explain the Qur'an has clearly explained in several verses that the law of zakat and poverty have a causality that is mutually necessary because the provision given by Allah regarding the obligation of zakat is as a gift and mercy to increase piety to Him and help fellow humans in need. In this day and age, zakat is always adapting because times are constantly changing in Indonesian nation. However, the calculation of zakat remains according to the rules that have been set. So the changes that occur are in the innovation of the process of collecting funds and distributing zakat funds that are appropriate to the target managed by the state.

Keywords: Zakat, Poverty, Nation